If water stands still it spoils, and if it is spoiled it will make the trees that drink from it sick, and subsequently the fruits they bear.
– ayatollah Sayyid Mostafa Mohaghegh Damad
In research within the field of Islamic Studies, and especially with a focus on Islam in the West, the question is raised whether we can speak of a ‘European Islam’ or rather an ‘Islam in Europe.’ Obviously, this question applies to all Western non-Muslim countries where large Muslim communities are present and not just the continent Europe, i.e. a Dutch Islam, a French Islam, an American Islam et centers. In Eastern Europe, like for example the Balkans and Turkey, a European Islam exists for centuries. The same does not apply for more Western countries with fairly new migrant communities. From both academic approaches such as religious studies, and sociological and anthropological works, and from the side of Muslim academic thinkers like for example Tariq Ramadan, this question is raised and examined, however, not yet answered satisfactory to my conviction. The pros and cons of different methodologies are not always looked into, neither the role of the sitting Islamic scholars on how Islam is perceived by contemporary Western Muslims.
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